Fountain Hughes, whose father belonged to Thomas Jefferson, was enslaved in Central Virginia. He remembers that at Emancipation,
We had no home, you know. We was just turned out like a lot of cattle. You know how they turn cattle out in a pasture? Well after freedom, you know colored people didn’ have nothing. Colored people didn’ have no beds when they was slaves. We always slep’ on the floor, pallet here, and a pallet there. Jus like, uh, lot of, uh, wild people, we didn’, we didn’ know nothing. Didn’ allow you to look at no book. An’ there was some free-born colored people, why they had a little education, but there was very few of them, where we was.