Further Reading

Beardsley, Edward H. A History of Neglect: Health Care for Blacks and Mill Workers in the Twentieth-Century South. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1987.

Fraser, Gertrude Jacinta. African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, Race, and Memory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Caldwell, A.B. History of the American Negro. Virginia Edition, Vol. V. Atlanta, GA: 1921.

Houck, Peter WA Prototype of a Confederate Hospital Center in Lynchburg, Virginia. Lynchburg, VA: Warwick House, 1986.

Hunter, Tera W.Tuberculosis as the ‘Negro Servants’ Disease.’ ” To ‘Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women’s Lives and Labors after the Civil War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Manley, Audrey F. “Health: Too Many Challenges to Become Complacent.” A Mind Is . . . . 7.1 (Spring 2000): 10Ð11.

McBride, David. Integrating the City of Medicine: Blacks in Philadelphia Health Care, 1910Ð1965. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1989.

Perdue, Charles L., Jr., Thomas E. Barden, and Robert K. PhillipsWeevils in the Wheat: Interviews with Virginia Ex-Slaves. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1976

Savitt, ToddMedicine and Slavery: The Diseases and Health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Savitt, Todd. “The Second Reported Case of Sickle Cell Anemia, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1911.” Virginia Medical Quarterly 124.2 (1997): 84Ð92.

Smith, David BartonHealth Care Divided: Race and Healing a Nation. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Townes, Emilie MBreaking the Fine Rain of Death: African American Health Issues and a Womanist Ethic of Care. New York: Continuum Publishing, 1998.

Watson, Wilbur HAgainst the Odds: Blacks in the Profession of Medicine in the United States. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1999.

BlairJohn F. Writers’ Program, Works Projects Administration. The Negro in Virginia. 1940. Winston-Salem, NC: 1994.

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