Protest and Integration 1946-1966

After World War II, the 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Topeka Board of Education and the Civil Rights movement that followed it changed health care as well as the rest of society. The 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 legislation creating Medicare and Medicaid brought the divided health system together.

Today, African Americans’ disease and mortality rates are still higher than those of whites, and the number of African Americans in the health professions, though growing, is still relatively low.

Because the presence of black health professionals in a medical facility makes blacks more willing to seek treatment there, getting African Americans to enter the health professions is crucial to improving health care for all African Americans.

Exhibit Item Groups

Protest and Integration



Other Health Professionals

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